According to Census 2011, female literacy rate in India is 65.46%. This is significantly lower than male literacy rate of 82.14%. Over the past few years, the gap between male and female literacy rates has been narrowing down. However, there is still a long way to go when it comes to ensuring equal female and male literacy rates in India.
Education plays a very important role in women empowerment. It enables women to change their lives and provide better guidance to their children. Educated women can contribute to the growth and development of the country. Here are some of the reasons why women education in India is so important:
1. Reduced Trafficking
Illiteracy is one of the major causes of human trafficking. Poor and uneducated women are more vulnerable to trafficking and sexual exploitation. Education provides them the knowledge and skills that make it easier for such women to gain economic freedom. This in turn also prevents them from falling prey to human traffickers.
2. Small Families
Women education plays a key role in reducing family sizes. Researches show that educated women usually have less number of children. More school participation leads to reduced fertility rates. In India, where rapidly growing population is still a concern, women education is something that can’t be simply overlooked.
3. More Representation in Politics
As is the case in most countries, women are underrepresented in the Indian Parliament. There is a need to increase women representation in politics. Women education can help them in being more informed about everything around, thereby being able to turn into better leaders of tomorrow.
4. Reduced Poverty
Education leads to economic empowerment of women. It makes it easier for them to get a good job and make a living. This increases the income of the family and reduces poverty. In India where a large number of people live below the poverty line, women education is indeed very important.
It’s only with education that women can be made aware of their rights. For many centuries, women suffered inequality and were confined to the four walls of their home in the Indian society. Today, they have many rights and it’s important for them to be aware of these rights. An educated woman not just knows her rights but also knows how to protect them.
In recent decades, several steps have been taken to boost women education in India. However, there are still many problems and obstacles that should be removed to increase the literacy rate of women all around the country.